IPA Terms

Affricate - Noun
A consonant sound that begins as a stop (sound with complete obstruction of the breath stream) and concludes with a fricative (sound with incomplete closure and a sound of friction), a single phoneme. Examples of affricates are the ch sound in the English word chair, which may be represented phonetically as a t sound followed by sh; the j in English jaw (a d followed by the zh sound heard in French jour or in English azure)

Alveolar – Adj
articulated with the tip of the tongue touching or close to the alveolar ridge (the teeth bridge), as English t, d, n; gingival.

Alveolal-Palatal - Adj
articulated with the blade or front of the tongue approaching or touching the front of the hard palate near its junction with the alveolar ridge; having a primary palatal articulation and a secondary alveolar articulation.

Bilabial - Adj
Pronounced or articulated with both lips, as the consonants b, p, m, and w

Diphthong - Noun
a speech sound that usually involves two consecutive vowels. It starts with the sound of the first vowel and ends with the sound of the second. For example, the similar sound in "boy" and "toy". (Definition courtesy of www.dictionary.com and www.m-w.com
Click here for a helpful video tutorial on diphthongs

Fricative - Noun
A consonant, such as f or s in English, produced by the forcing of breath through a constricted passage. Also called spirant.

Glottal - Adj
related to or articulated at the glottis (the opening at the upper part of the larynx, between the vocal cords).

Interdental – Adj
articulated with the tip of the tongue between the upper and lower front teeth, as the fricatives (th̸) and (th) of thy and thigh.

Labio-dental – Adj
Articulated with the lower lip and upper teeth, as the sounds (f) and (v).

Liquid (or semivowel) - Noun
A speech sound intermediate between a vowel and a consonant, typically articulated as a vowel but treated as a consonant, as in the English w and y.

Monophthong - noun
a vowel sound that throughout its duration has a single constant articulatory position (Definition courtesy of www.dictionary.com and www.m-w.com

Palatal – Adj
articulated with the blade of the tongue held close to or touching the hard palate.

Phone - Noun
a speech sound: There are three phonetically different “t” phones in an utterance of “titillate,” and two in an utterance of “tattletale.”

Phoneme - Noun
any of a small set of units, usually about 20 to 60 in number, different for each language and depending on accents, considered to be the basic distinctive units of speech sound by which morphemes, words, and sentences are represented. They are arrived at for any given language by determining which differences in sound function to indicate a difference in meaning, so that in English the difference in sound and meaning between pit and bit is taken to indicate the existence of different labial phonemes, while the difference in sound between the unaspirated p of spun and the aspirated p of pun, since it is never the only distinguishing feature between two different words, is not taken as ground for setting up two different p phonemes in English.

Stop (or Plosive) - Adj
of, relating to, or being a speech sound produced by complete closure of the oral passage and subsequent release accompanied by a burst of air, as in the sound (p) in pit or (d) in dog.

Triphthong - noun
a monosyllabic speech-sound sequence perceived as being made up of three differing vowel qualities, as the pronunciation of our, espeically in r-dropping dialects. (Definition courtesy of www.dictionary.com and www.m-w.com

Velar – Adj
articulated with the back of the tongue held close to or touching the soft palate.

Above definitions retrieved from www.dictionary.com
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